How to Play Pickleball: A Beginner’s Guide

The Rules of Pickleball

Pickleball is a fun and easy-to-learn sport that is played on a court that is roughly the size of a badminton court. The game is played with a plastic ball, similar to a wiffle ball, and paddles that are slightly larger than ping pong paddles.

Here are the basic rules of pickleball:

  1. Serve – The serve must be made underhand and the paddle must contact the ball below the server’s waist. The serve is made diagonally crosscourt and must land in the opponent’s service court.
  2. Double Bounce Rule – After the serve, each team must allow the ball to bounce once before hitting it. After the first two bounces, the ball can be hit before or after it bounces.
  3. Non-Volley Zone – There is a seven-foot non-volley zone on both sides of the net. Volleying (hitting the ball in the air without letting it bounce) is not allowed within this zone.
  4. Scoring – Points can only be scored by the serving team. The first team to reach 11 points (must win by two) wins the game.
  5. Faults – A fault occurs when a player fails to serve the ball into the opponent’s service court, hits the ball out of bounds, or violates a rule such as volleying in the non-volley zone.

Understanding the rules of pickleball is important for both beginners and experienced players alike. It ensures that the game is played fairly and that everyone has a good time.

Pickleball Equipment and Court Setup

Pickleball is a relatively simple sport to get started with, as it doesn’t require a lot of equipment or a specialized court. Here’s what you’ll need to get started:

  1. Paddles – Pickleball paddles are made of lightweight materials like wood, graphite, or composite materials. They are typically 8 to 9 inches wide and 15 to 16 inches long.
  2. Balls – Pickleball balls are similar to wiffle balls, but slightly larger and with smaller holes. They come in different colors, but yellow is the most common.
  3. Court – A pickleball court is 20 feet wide and 44 feet long, the same size as a badminton court. The net is 36 inches tall at the ends and 34 inches tall in the middle.
  4. Court Lines – The court is divided into four main areas: the two service areas (each 10 feet wide and 20 feet long), the non-volley zone (7 feet on each side of the net), and the boundaries (the area outside the service areas).

To set up a pickleball court, you can either use a dedicated pickleball court or modify an existing tennis or basketball court. You’ll need to mark the court with boundary lines and non-volley zone lines using tape or paint.

Once you have your equipment and court set up, you’re ready to start playing pickleball!

Basic Pickleball Techniques and Strategies

While pickleball is a relatively easy sport to learn, there are certain techniques and strategies that can help you improve your game. Here are some basic tips:

  1. Grip – Hold the paddle with a relaxed grip, with your fingers wrapped around the handle and your thumb resting on the paddle face.
  2. Ready Position – Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, knees slightly bent, and paddle in front of you.
  3. Serve – Try to hit the ball with a flat paddle face, and aim for the opponent’s service court.
  4. Return of Serve – Stand slightly behind the baseline and use a forehand or backhand stroke to return the serve.
  5. Dink – A dink is a soft shot that is aimed at the opponent’s feet, forcing them to hit the ball up high. This can be an effective strategy when playing at the non-volley zone.
  6. Lob – A lob is a high, arching shot that can be used to force your opponent to move back from the net.
  7. Communication – Communication is key in doubles play. Make sure to call out the ball’s location and who will take the shot.

These basic techniques and strategies can help you get started with pickleball and improve your game as you play more. Remember to have fun and enjoy the game!

Tips for Improving Your Pickleball Game

If you’re looking to take your pickleball game to the next level, here are some tips to help you improve:

  1. Practice – The more you play, the better you’ll get. Consider joining a local pickleball club or league to get more playing time.
  2. Footwork – Good footwork is essential in pickleball. Make sure to move quickly and efficiently, and try to anticipate where the ball will go.
  3. Fitness – Pickleball can be a fast-paced game, so it’s important to be in good physical shape. Incorporate cardio and strength training into your workout routine.
  4. Watch Videos – There are plenty of pickleball videos online that can help you learn new techniques and strategies.
  5. Play with Different Partners – Playing with different partners can help you learn new skills and adapt to different playing styles.
  6. Stay Positive – Remember to stay positive and have fun. Don’t get discouraged if you make mistakes, and always look for ways to improve your game.

By following these tips and putting in some practice time, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a better pickleball player.


Pickleball is a fun and exciting sport that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and skill levels. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced player, understanding the rules and basic techniques of the game is key to enjoying it to its fullest.

By following the tips outlined in this guide, you’ll be well on your way to improving your game and having a great time on the court. Remember to stay positive, have fun, and enjoy the game of pickleball!

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